Joining processes for fibre-reinforced thermoplastics: Phenomena and characterisation

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Thermoplastic composites (TPCs) are predestined for use in lightweight structures, especially for high-volume applications. In many cases, joining is a key factor for the successful application of TPCs in multi-material systems. Many joining processes for this material group are based on warm forming the joining zone. This results in a change of the local material structure characterised by modified fibre paths, as well as varying fibre contents, which significantly influences the load-bearing behaviour. During the forming process, many different phenomena occur simultaneously at different scales. In this paper, the deformation modes and flow mechanisms of TPCs during forming described in the literature are first analysed. Based on this, three different joining processes are investigated: embedding of inserts, moulding of contour joints, and hotclinching. In order to identify the phenomena occurring in each process and to describe the characteristic resulting material structure in the joining zones, micrographs as well as computed tomography (CT) analyses are performed for both individual process stages and final joining zones.


Original languageEnglish
Article number5454
Number of pages18
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - 8 Aug 2022

External IDs

Mendeley e8236410-d733-36e0-a2ff-f2387d6dcc00



  • computed tomography, forming phenomena, joining, material structure, multi-material, process analysis, thermoplastic composite