Tyrosine-type site-specific recombinases (Y-SSRs) are versatile tools for genome engineering due to their ability to mediate excision, integration, inversion and exchange of genomic DNA with single nucleotide precision. The ever-increasing need for sophisticated genome engineering is driving efforts to identify novel SSR systems with intrinsic properties more suitable for particular applications. In this work, we develop a systematic computational workflow for annotation of putative Y-SSR systems and apply this pipeline to identify and characterize eight new naturally occurring Cre-type SSR systems. We test their activity in bacterial and mammalian cells and establish selectivity profiles for the new and already established Cre-type SSRs with regard to their ability to mutually recombine their target sites. These data form the basis for sophisticated genome engineering experiments using combinations of Y-SSRs in research fields including advanced genomics and synthetic biology. Finally, we identify putative pseudo-sites and potential off-targets for Y-SSRs in the human and mouse genome. Together with established methods for altering the DNA-binding specificity of this class of enzymes, this work should facilitate the use of Y-SSRs for future genome surgery applications.
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Nucleic acids research|
|Early online date||9 May 2023|
|Publication status||Published - 9 May 2023|
- Base, Chromosome, Circuits, Directed evolution, Dna, Expression, Integration, Mammalian-cells, Phi, Vectors