Separation of organic ions from aqueous solutions by membrane capacitive deionization.

Research output: Contribution to journalResearch articleContributedpeer-review



Persistent and mobile organic chemicals are a growing concern for the management of water resources. Here, we propose membrane capacitive deionization (MCDI) for effective separation and selective recovery of these chemicals. Using a simple MCDI process, with activated-carbon-cloth electrodes, we experimentally demonstrate the feasibility of MCDI for adsorbing permanently charged ionic liquids (ILs) and ionogenic chemicals (IOCs) such as perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and diclofenac. The total salt adsorption capacity (SAC) of ILs and IOCs is between 5.12 and 8.83 µmol/g and is strongly dependent on the symmetry of cation and anion mobilities, as represented by their diffusion coefficients. The system has a low energy consumption of 0.031 kWh/m3, with a productivity of 83.33 L/h/m2. As an example of pharmaceuticals in wastewater we examined diclofenac solution and show a total SAC of 3.03 µmol/g. These results demonstrate the potential of this deionization process for the cleanup of industrial or medical wastewater.


Original languageEnglish
Article number119012
JournalChemical Engineering Science
Publication statusPublished - 5 Oct 2023

External IDs

Scopus 85163561818
Mendeley 1f239f19-02d4-3497-bab7-4ce6fd89b68b
ORCID /0000-0001-5186-3955/work/150330350


Research priority areas of TU Dresden

Sustainable Development Goals


  • Membrane capacitive deionization Ionogenic chemicals Pharmaceutical wastewater, Ionic liquids, Ionogenic chemicals, Membrane capacitive deionization, Pharmaceutical wastewater