Rare-Earth Hydroxometalates Ba[RE(OH)5] with RE=Tb, Dy, Ho

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Colorless crystals of the new hydroxometalates Ba[RE(OH)5] with the rare-earth elements RE=Tb, Dy, Ho were synthesized under ultra-alkaline conditions in a KOH hydroflux at 200 °C. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction revealed that the three compounds crystallize isostructural in the monoclinic space group P21/n (no. 14). In the crystal structure, the rare-earth cations are coordinated by the oxygen atoms of seven hydroxide anions, which define a distorted pentagonal bipyramid. These polyhedra share edges of their basal ring forming infinite chains that run parallel to the [010] direction. Hydrogen bonds connect the chains into layers parallel to the (101) plane. The Ba2+ cations are located between these layers and surrounded by nine oxygen atoms. Ba[Dy(OH)5] is paramagnetic and shows no luminescence under UV light. When heated in synthetic air or argon, water is released in well-defined steps. Ba[Dy(OH)5] decomposes via DyOOH to Dy2O3, which then reacts with the remaining Ba(OH)2 to form BaDy2O4. Thus, the hydroxometalates can be used as carbon-free precursors for oxides.


Original languageEnglish
Article numbere202200314
JournalZeitschrift fur Anorganische und Allgemeine Chemie
Issue number648
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022

External IDs

Scopus 85141778463