Modelling and simulation strategies for fluid-structure-interactions of highly viscous thermoplastic melt and single fibres – A numerical study

Research output: Contribution to journalResearch articleContributedpeer-review


A virtual test setup for investigating single fibres in a transverse shear flow based on a parallel-plate rheometer is presented. The investigations are carried out to verify a numerical representation of the fluid–structure interaction (FSI), where Arbitrary Lagrangian–Eulerian (ALE) and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) methods are used and evaluated. Both are suitable to simulate flexible solid structures in a transverse shear flow. Comparative investigations with different model setups and increasing complexity are presented. It is shown, that the CFD method with an interface-based coupling approach is not capable of handling small fibre diameters in comparison to large fluid domains due to mesh dependencies at the interface definitions. The ALE method is more suited for this task since fibres are embedded without any mesh restrictions. Element types beam, solid, and discrete are considered for fibre modelling. It is shown that the beam formulation for ALE and 3D solid elements for the CFD method are the preferred options.


Original languageEnglish
Article number7241
Number of pages28
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - 17 Oct 2022

External IDs

Scopus 85140962881
Mendeley c2a155a7-2b71-35ef-b54f-fadd7ffafb48
WOS 000874349300001
PubMed 36295308
ORCID /0000-0003-1370-064X/work/142243786
ORCID /0000-0002-0820-8936/work/142245872
ORCID /0000-0003-2653-7546/work/142249394



  • fluid–structure-interaction (FSI), finite element analysis (FEA), hermoplastic, composite, Arbitrary Lagrange–Eulerian (ALE), flow, fibre, fluid-structure-interaction (FSI), thermoplastic