Modeling and simulation of nematic LCE rods

Research output: Preprint/documentation/reportPreprint



We introduce a nonlinear, one-dimensional bending-twisting model for an inextensible bi-rod that is composed of a nematic liquid crystal elastomer. The model combines an elastic energy that is quadratic in curvature and torsion with a Frank-Oseen energy for the liquid crystal elastomer. Moreover, the model features a nematic-elastic coupling that relates the crystalline orientation with a spontaneous bending-twisting term. We show that the model can be derived as a $\Gamma$-limit from three-dimensional nonlinear elasticity. Moreover, we introduce a numerical scheme to compute critical points of the bending-twisting model via a discrete gradient flow. We present various numerical simulations that illustrate the rich mechanical behavior predicted by the model. The numerical experiments reveal good stability and approximation properties of the method.


Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 30 May 2022
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  • math.AP, cs.NA, math.NA, 74B20, 76A15, 74K10, 65N30, 74-10