Investigating the Potential of Drift Tube Ion Mobility for the Analysis of Oxidized Lipids

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Epilipids, a subset of the lipidome that comprises oxidized, nitrated, and halogenated lipid species, show important biochemical activity in the regulation of redox lipid metabolism by influencing cell fate decisions, including death, health, and aging. Due to the large chemical diversity, reversed-phase liquid chromatography-high-resolution mass spectrometry (RPLC-HRMS) methods have only a limited ability to separate numerous isobaric and isomeric epilipids. Ion mobility spectrometry (IMS) is a gas-phase separation technique that can be combined with LC-HRMS to improve the overall peak capacity of the analytical platform. Here, we illustrate the advantages and discuss the current limitations of implementing IMS in LC-HRMS workflows for the analysis of oxylipins and oxidized complex lipids. Using isomeric mixtures of oxylipins, we demonstrated that while deprotonated ions of eicosanoids were poorly resolved by IMS, sodium acetate and metal adducts (e.g., Li, Na, Ag, Ba, K) of structural isomers often showed ΔCCS% above 1.4% and base peak separation with high-resolution demultiplexing (HRDm). The knowledge of the IM migration order was also used as a proof of concept to help in the annotation of oxidized complex lipids using HRDm and all-ion fragmentation spectra. Additionally, we used a mixture of deuterium-labeled lipids for a routine system suitability test with the purpose of improving harmonization and interoperability of IMS data sets in (epi)lipidomics.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13566-13574
Number of pages9
JournalAnalytical Chemistry
Issue number36
Publication statusPublished - 12 Sept 2023

External IDs

Scopus 85171598051
Mendeley e05133da-f47b-3bb0-babf-19d740c0abcc