Hall mobilities and sheet carrier densities in a single LiNbO3 conductive ferroelectric domain wall

Research output: Contribution to journalResearch articleContributedpeer-review


In the last decade, conductive domain walls (CDWs) in single crystals of the uniaxial model ferroelectric lithium niobate (LiNbO3; LNO) have been shown to reach resistances more than 10 orders of magnitude lower than the resistance of the surrounding bulk, with charge carriers being firmly confined to sheets with a width of a few nanometers. LNO is thus currently witnessing increased attention because of its potential in the design of room-temperature nanoelectronic circuits and devices based on such CDWs. In this context, the reliable determination of the fundamental transport parameters of LNO CDWs, in particular the 2D charge carrier density n2D and the Hall mobility μH of the majority carriers, is of great interest. In this contribution, we present and apply a robust and easy-to-prepare Hall-effect measurement setup by adapting the standard four-probe van der Pauw method to contact a single, hexagonally shaped domain wall that fully penetrates the 200-μm-thick LNO bulk single crystal. We then determine n2D and μH for a set of external magnetic fields B and prove the expected cosinelike angular dependence of the Hall voltage. Lastly, we present photoinduced-Hall-effect measurements of one and the same DW, by determining the impact of super-band-gap illumination on n2D.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)064043
Number of pages8
JournalPhysical Review Applied
Publication statusPublished - 26 Dec 2023

External IDs

ORCID /0000-0003-1899-603X/work/150329060
ORCID /0000-0002-2484-4158/work/150330965