Geometrical modeling of yarn motion and analysis of yarn tension during stitch formation process in warp knitting machines

Research output: Contribution to journalResearch articleContributedpeer-review


In the textile sector, the sustainable development and production of high-performance and high-quality textiles has become increasingly important. To enable the processing of new yarn materials at high production speeds, the in-depth understanding of the relationships between machine elements, yarn path, and yarn tension is required. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to analyze the interactions between the warp knitting machine unit and the yarn path during the stitch formation process by means of theoretical modeling and experimental investigation. A vector-based model has been developed to describe the kinematic yarn path and its correlation with yarn demand during the stitch formation process. The model is validated by measurements of yarn path and yarn tension on a warp knitting machine. The model is used to identify both machine and yarn guide elements that influence stitch formation.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3753-3764
Number of pages12
JournalTextile research journal
Issue number15-16
Publication statusPublished - 3 Apr 2023

External IDs

Scopus 85152297979
WOS 000962891500001
ORCID /0000-0002-3386-891X/work/142253781
ORCID /0000-0002-1805-9874/work/157318631


Research priority areas of TU Dresden

Subject groups, research areas, subject areas according to Destatis


  • stitch formation, Warp knitting, yarn model, yarn motion, Stitch formation, Yarn model, Yarn motion