Furan-based bionanocomposites reinforced with a hybrid system of carbon nanofillers

Research output: Contribution to journalResearch articleContributedpeer-review


  • Konrad Walkowiak - , West Pomeranian University of Technology (Author)
  • Sandra Paszkiewicz - , West Pomeranian University of Technology (Author)
  • Izabela Irska - , West Pomeranian University of Technology (Author)
  • Agnieszka Kochmanska - , West Pomeranian University of Technology (Author)
  • Kamil Dydek - , Warsaw University of Technology (Author)
  • Anna Boczkowska - , Warsaw University of Technology (Author)
  • Rafal Stanik - , Institute of Lightweight Engineering and Polymer Technology (Author)
  • Mike Gude - , Chair of Lightweight System Engineering and Multi-Material Design (Author)
  • Amelia Linares - , Instituto de Estructura de la Materia (Author)
  • Tiberio Ezquerra - , Instituto de Estructura de la Materia (Author)


Bionanocomposites based on poly(trimethylene 2,5-furandicarboxylate)-block-poly(tetramethylene oxide) (PTF-b-F-PTMO) with various contents of carbon nanofibers, graphene nanoplatelets and a hybrid system of these nanoparticles are synthesized via in situ polymerization. The dispersion of nanoparticles in the nanocomposites is determined using a scanning electron microscope and optical microscopy images. The thermal properties are studied employing differential scanning calorimetry, dynamic mechanical thermal analysis, and thermogravimetric analysis. The melt viscosity of the synthesized materials is determined using rheological measurements. Mechanical properties, along with the thermal and electrical conductivity, are also analyzed. The synthesized polymer nanocomposites are processed using injection molding and they display mechanical properties of elastomers during mechanical testing, which indicates that the obtained materials are, in fact, thermoplastic elastomers (TPE). Compared to a neat matrix (PTF-b-F-PTMO 50/50), the incorporation of nanoparticles causes an increase in the value of the degree of crystallinity and the value of the tensile modulus values (E) of the nanocomposites. Such reinforced bionanocomposites are especially interesting from an applicative point of view. They can be used as components of fuel systems, bumpers, or cupholders.


Original languageEnglish
Article number2300046
Number of pages13
JournalAdvanced Engineering Materials
Issue number13
Early online date31 Mar 2023
Publication statusPublished - 4 Jul 2023

External IDs

WOS 000971832400001
unpaywall 10.1002/adem.202300046
Mendeley 29a16b7d-9b47-381b-8629-25ca968059ec
ORCID /0000-0003-1370-064X/work/142243861



  • Carbon nanofibers, Furan-based bionanocomposites, Graphene nanoplates, Hybrid nanocomposites, In situ polymerization