DMA of TPU films and the modelling of their viscoelastic properties for noise reduction in jet engines

Research output: Contribution to journalResearch articleContributedpeer-review



Due to current developments in jet engine design, the acoustic performance of conventional acoustic liners needs to be improved with respect to lower frequency spectrums and broadband absorption. In this context, the present study aimed to determine the viscoelastic material properties of a thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) film for targeted application in novel acoustic liners with integrated film material for enhanced noise reduction. Therefore, a dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) was performed to determine these viscoelastic material properties. Based on the acquired data, the time-temperature shift (TTS) was applied to obtain the material’s temperature- and frequency-dependent mechanical properties. In this regard, the William-Landel-Ferry (WLF) method and an alternative polynomial approach determining the shift factors were investigated and compared. Furthermore, a generalized Maxwell model—so-called Prony-series—with and without pre-smoothing utilizing of a fractional rheological model was applied to approximate the measured storage and loss modulus and to provide a material model that can be used in finite element analyses. Finally, the results were discussed concerning the application of the films in acoustic liners under the conditions of a standard flight cycle and the applied loads. The present investigations thus provide a method for characterizing polymer materials, approximating their mechanical behavior for vibration applications at different ambient temperatures and enabling the identification of their operational limits during the application in acoustic liners.


Original languageEnglish
Article number5285
Number of pages13
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022

External IDs

ORCID /0000-0003-2834-8933/work/142238441


ASJC Scopus subject areas


  • acoustic liner, dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA), fractional model, generalized Maxwell model, pre-smoothing, thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU), viscoelastic material properties