Perovskite nanocrystals are high-performance, solution-processed materials with a high photoluminescence quantum yield. Due to these exceptional properties, perovskites can serve as building blocks for metasurfaces and are of broad interest for photonic applications. Here, we use a simple grating configuration to direct and amplify the perovskite nanocrystals’ original omnidirectional emission. Thus far, controlling these radiation properties was only possible over small areas and at a high expense, including the risks of material degradation. Using a soft lithographic printing process, we can now reliably structure perovskite nanocrystals from the organic solution into light-emitting metasurfaces with high contrast on a large area. We demonstrate the 13-fold amplified directional radiation with an angle-resolved Fourier spectroscopy, which is the highest observed amplification factor for the perovskite-based metasurfaces. Our self-assembly process allows for scalable fabrication of gratings with predefined periodicities and tunable optical properties. We further show the influence of solution concentration on structural geometry. By increasing the perovskite concentration 10-fold, we can produce waveguide structures with a grating coupler in one printing process. We analyze our approach with numerical modeling, considering the physiochemical properties to obtain the desired geometry. This strategy makes the tunable radiative properties of such perovskite-based metasurfaces usable for nonlinear light-emitting devices and directional light sources.
|Number of pages
|Published - 20 Jan 2023
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- angle-resolved Fourier spectroscopy, perovskite nanocrystals, Rayleigh anomaly, self-assembly, soft lithography, Soft lithography, Self-assembly, Perovskite nanocrystals