Many human diseases, including cancer, share an inflammatory component but the molecular underpinnings remain incompletely understood. We report that physiological and pathological Dickkopf1 (DKK1) activity fuels inflammatory cytokine responses in cell models, mice and humans. DKK1 maintains the elevated inflammatory tone of cancer cells and is required for mounting cytokine responses following ligation of toll-like and cytokine receptors. DKK1-controlled inflammation derives from cell-autonomous mechanisms, which involve SOCS3-restricted, nuclear RelA (p65) activity. We translate these findings to humans by showing that genetic DKK1 variants are linked to elevated cytokine production across healthy populations. Finally, we find that genetic deletion of DKK1 but not pharmacological neutralization of soluble DKK1 ameliorates inflammation and disease trajectories in a mouse model of endotoxemia. Collectively, our study identifies a cell-autonomous function of DKK1 in the control of the inflammatory response, which is conserved between malignant and non-malignant cells. Additional studies are required to mechanistically dissect cellular DKK1 trafficking and signaling pathways.
|Publication status||Published - 20 Dec 2022|
Sustainable Development Goals
- Humans, Animals, Mice, Cytokines, Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/genetics, Cell Line, Tumor, Signal Transduction, Inflammation/genetics