Development of an Elastic, Electrically Conductive Coating for TPU Filaments

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Electrically conductive filaments are used in a wide variety of applications, for example, in smart textiles and soft robotics. Filaments that conduct electricity are required for the transmission of energy and information, but up until now, most electrically conductive fibers, filaments and wires offer low mechanical elongation. Therefore, they are not well suited for the implementation into elastomeric composites and textiles that are worn close to the human body and have to follow a wide range of movements. In order to overcome this issue, the presented study aims at the development of electrically conductive and elastic filaments based on a coating process suited for multifilament yarns made of thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU). The coating solution contains TPU, carbon nanotubes (CNT) and N-Methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP) with varied concentrations of solids and electrically conductive particles. After applying the coating to TPU multifilament yarns, the mechanical and electrical properties are analyzed. A special focus is given to the electromechanical behavior of the coated yarns under mechanical strain loading. It is determined that the electrical conductivity is maintained even at elongations of up to 100%


Original languageEnglish
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2021

External IDs

Scopus 85120076683


Research priority areas of TU Dresden


  • Beschichtung, Beschichtungsprozess

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