Determining Factors of International E-Tutoring

Research output: Contribution to journalResearch articleContributedpeer-review



Purpose: Virtual Exchange (VE) enables geographically separated collaboration without the need for physical travel and the use of resources like time and money. The complexity for students participating in VE modules can be reduced by using e-tutors as learning facilitators. In this context, we focus on determining factors for e-tutorial support in international collaborations in higher education and thus cross-cultural and cross-border collaboration of learners in the sense of VE. Study design/methodology/approach: This paper aims to answer the question “Which determinants impact e-tutoring during collaborative and international Virtual Exchange modules?”. Therefore, the results are compiled, analyzed, and synthesized with the help of a Systematic Literature Review (SLR) according to Okoli & Schabram (2010). Findings: The result is a concept matrix of 41 identified determinants of international e-tutoring in higher education, divided into six main categories: responsibilities, competencies, communication, organization, pedagogy, and prerequisites. The results allow a more precise separation of e-tutors activities in VE modules and thus offer concrete proposals for differentiating, improving, and scaling the role of the e-tutor. Originality/value: Students' demand to acquire global skills becomes more and more common. VE modules offer the potential to meet this demand if delivered correctly. Previous research in this field partially covers determining factors of e-tutoring, but there is a lack of a concise overview that can serve as a basis for improvement.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-115
JournalInternational journal of management, knowledge and learning
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jun 2022

External IDs

unpaywall 10.53615/2232-5697.11.105-115
Mendeley 20a60681-a756-3e99-94d6-3e41b78e15a7
ORCID /0000-0002-3053-7701/work/141543430
ORCID /0000-0003-1067-0473/work/142251565


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