Comparing Transmission- and Epi-BCARS: A Transnational Round Robin on Solid State Materials

Research output: Preprint/documentation/reportPreprint



Broadband coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (BCARS) is an advanced Raman spectroscopy method that combines the spectral sensitivity of spontaneous Raman scattering (SR) with the increased signal intensity of single-frequency coherent Raman techniques. These two features make BCARS particularly suitable for ultra-fast imaging of heterogeneous samples, as already shown in biomedicine. Recent studies demonstrated that BCARS also shows exceptional spectroscopic capabilities when inspecting crystalline materials like lithium niobate and lithium tantalate, and can be used for fast imaging of ferroelectric domain walls. These results strongly suggest the extension of BCARS towards new imaging applications like mapping defects, strain, or dopant levels, similar to standard SR imaging. Despite these advantages, BCARS suffers from a spurious and chemically unspecific non-resonant background (NRB) that distorts and shifts the Raman peaks. Post-processing numerical algorithms are then used to remove the NRB and to obtain spectra comparable to SR results. Here, we show the reproducibility of BCARS by conducting an internal Round Robin with two different BCARS experimental setups, comparing the results on different crystalline materials of increasing structural complexity: diamond, 6H-SiC, KDP, and KTP. First, we compare the detected and phase-retrieved signals, the setup-specific NRB-removal steps, and the mode assignment. Subsequently, we demonstrate the versatility of BCARS by showcasing how the selection of pump wavelength, pulse width, and detection geometry can be tailored to suit the specific objectives of the experiment. Finally, we compare and optimize measurement parameters for the high-speed, hyperspectral imaging of ferroelectric domain walls in lithium niobate.


Original languageEnglish
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - 16 Jun 2023
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External IDs

ORCID /0000-0002-2484-4158/work/150330966


Research priority areas of TU Dresden

DFG Classification of Subject Areas according to Review Boards


  • cond-mat.mtrl-sci, physics.ins-det