An open-label, single-arm, phase II trial of buparlisib in patients with melanoma brain metastases not eligible for surgery or radiosurgery - The BUMPER study

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Background: Patients with melanoma brain metastasis (MBM) still carry a dismal prognosis. Preclinical data originated in xenograft models showed that buparlisib therapy was highly effective in therapy-naïve MBM. Patients and Methods: In this open-label, phase II trial, we investigate the safety and efficacy of monotherapy with buparlisib, a PI3K inhibitor, in patients with asymptomatic MBM who were not candidates for local therapy. These patients had also progressed under immunotherapy if BRAF wild-type or under targeted therapy with BRAF/MEK inhibitors if carrying a BRAFV600E/K mutation. The primary endpoint was the intracranial disease control rate assessed by the investigators. The secondary endpoints were overall response rate, duration of response (DOR) of intracranial disease, overall response, progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), safety, and tolerability of buparlisib. Results: A total of 20 patients were screened and 17 patients were treated with buparlisib. Twelve patients had progressed under more than 2 systemic therapy lines and 17 had received at least 1 previous local therapy. There were no intracranial responses. Three patients achieved intracranial stable disease; the median DOR was 117 days. The median PFS was 42 days (95% confidence interval [CI]: 23-61 days) and the median OS was 5.0 months (95% CI: 2.24-7.76 months). No new safety signs were observed. Conclusions: Buparlisib was well tolerated but no intracranial responses were observed. These results might be explained in part by the inclusion of only heavily pretreated patients. However, preclinical data strongly support the rationale to explore PI3K inhibitor-based combinations in patients with MBM displaying hyperactivation of the PI3K-AKT pathway.


Original languageEnglish
Article numbervdaa140
JournalNeuro-Oncology Advances
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020

External IDs

ORCID /0009-0001-4054-4024/work/155291689
ORCID /0000-0003-4340-9706/work/155292315


ASJC Scopus subject areas


  • buparlisib, melanoma brain metastases, PI3K inhibitors, targeted therapy