A review of carbon fiber surface modification methods for tailor-made bond behavior with cementitious matrices

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleContributedpeer-review



Insufficient bonding behavior between intrinsically hydrophobic carbon fibers and water-based suspensions restricts the application of carbon fiber (CF) reinforced cements and other mineral building materials. To resolve this issue several researchers have investigated physical and chemical modification methods for enhanced load transfer from mineral matrices to CFs. Polymer impregnations and temperature-stable mineral suspensions have been used to tailor the interphase zone between CF rovings and surrounding matrices, achieving, e.g., better pullout behavior. Additionally, surface modification approaches such as oxidation, electrophoretic deposition, plasma, and grafting treatments as well have been applied to improve fiber–matrix interactions. In this article these approaches are systematically reviewed and compared to describe and recommend appropriate methods for achieving tailor-made interfacial bonding behavior. Finally, suitable approaches to characterization are discussed to provide a comprehensive overview of the related methodology and to assist in studying the characteristics of the carbon fiber itself and its bonding behavior toward mineral matrices.


Original languageEnglish
Article number101040
Number of pages42
JournalProgress in Materials Science
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2023

External IDs

WOS 000899557700001
unpaywall 10.1016/j.pmatsci.2022.101040


Research priority areas of TU Dresden

Subject groups, research areas, subject areas according to Destatis

ASJC Scopus subject areas


  • Bond strength, Carbon fiber, Coatings, Mineral composites, Modification

Library keywords