Where should we put it? Layout and placement strategies of documents in augmented reality for collaborative sensemaking

Research output: Contribution to book/conference proceedings/anthology/reportConference contributionContributed


Future offices are likely reshaped by Augmented Reality (AR) extending the display space while maintaining awareness of surroundings, and thus promise to support collaborative tasks such as brainstorming or sensemaking. However, it is unclear how physical surroundings and co-located collaboration influence the spatial organization of virtual content for sensemaking. Therefore, we conducted a study (N=28) to investigate the effect of office environments and work styles during a document classification task using AR with regard to content placement, layout strategies, and sensemaking workflows. Results show that participants require furniture, especially tables and whiteboards, to assist sensemaking and collaboration regardless of room settings, while generous free spaces (e.g., walls) are likely used when available. Moreover, collaborating participants tend to use furniture despite personal layout preferences. We identified different placement and layout strategies, as well as the transitions in-between. Finally, we propose design implications for future immersive sensemaking applications and beyond.


Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI)
EditorsSimone Barbosa, Cliff Lampe, Caroline Appert, David A. Shamma, Steven Drucker, Julie Williamson, Koji Yatani
Number of pages16
ISBN (electronic)9781450391573
Publication statusPublished - 5 May 2022

External IDs

Scopus 85130560243
Mendeley a14a8d25-312f-336d-a1cd-974c4561fa72
dblp conf/chi/LuoLWD22
unpaywall 10.1145/3491102.3501946
ORCID /0000-0002-1312-1528/work/142246464
ORCID /0000-0002-2176-876X/work/151435437



  • Augmented Reality, Mixed Reality, affordance, collaborative sensemaking, content organization, qualitative user study, sensemaking, spatial layout, spatiality