Untersuchungen zur Entwicklung eines europäischen Sound-Labels für Haushaltsgeräte: Psychoakustische Aspekte und Herausforderungen

Research output: Contribution to journalResearch articleContributedpeer-review


The European Union energy label, which provides information on the energy consumption of household appliances, has proven its reliability for the customers in recent years. However, a label for the product sound perception, which can be very useful for the customers but also manu-facturers, is not available up to now. The energy label is required to include the sound power level of the devices. Although the sound power level is an important acoustical parameter, it does not characterize the customers' perception of product sound sufficiently. The psychoacoustical parameters, e.g., loudness, sharpness, tonality, roughness, fluctuation strength, etc., are much more useful for purposes of characterization. However, in some cases it is required to adapt these parameters for complex household product sounds and to model their interaction. Another important issue refers to the optimal measurement environment (anechoic chamber vs. real living environment) and the measurement conditions for sound quality testing. The aims of this study are to summarize the results of investigations, which were conducted on three different household appliances (vacuum cleaner, dish washer, washing machine), and to discuss the future milestones on the way to a European sound label.

Translated title of the contribution
Investigations on the development of a european sound label for household appliances - psycho- acoustical aspects and challenges


Original languageGerman
Pages (from-to)192-199
Number of pages8
JournalZeitschrift für Lärmbekämpfung
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2013

External IDs

ORCID /0000-0002-0803-8818/work/142256929
Scopus 84885086392



  • acoustics, white goods