Ubi-Flex-Cloud: ubiquitous flexible cloud computing: status quo and research imperatives

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleContributedpeer-review



Purpose: Cloud computing originated in central data centers that are connected to the backbone of the Internet. The network transport to and from a distant data center incurs long latencies that hinder modern low-latency applications. In order to flexibly support the computing demands of users, cloud computing is evolving toward a continuum of cloud computing resources that are distributed between the end users and a distant data center. The purpose of this review paper is to concisely summarize the state-of-the-art in the evolving cloud computing field and to outline research imperatives. 

Design/methodology/approach: The authors identify two main dimensions (or axes) of development of cloud computing: the trend toward flexibility of scaling computing resources, which the authors denote as Flex-Cloud, and the trend toward ubiquitous cloud computing, which the authors denote as Ubi-Cloud. Along these two axes of Flex-Cloud and Ubi-Cloud, the authors review the existing research and development and identify pressing open problems.

Findings: The authors find that extensive research and development efforts have addressed some Ubi-Cloud and Flex-Cloud challenges resulting in exciting advances to date. However, a wide array of research challenges remains open, thus providing a fertile field for future research and development. 

Originality/value: This review paper is the first to define the concept of the Ubi-Flex-Cloud as the two-dimensional research and design space for cloud computing research and development. The Ubi-Flex-Cloud concept can serve as a foundation and reference framework for planning and positioning future cloud computing research and development efforts.


Original languageEnglish
Number of pages16
JournalApplied Computing and Informatics
Publication statusPublished - 19 May 2022

External IDs

ORCID /0000-0001-7008-1537/work/161409306



  • Cloud computing, Flexibility, Low-latency, Mobility, OpenStack, Scalability, Ubiquity

Library keywords