Überprüfung der Radionuklidreinheit in ausgewählten Radiotherapeutika

Research output: Contribution to journalResearch articleContributedpeer-review


  • Robert Freudenberg - , Department of Nuclear Medicine, University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus Dresden (Author)
  • Lorenz Hesse - , OncoRay - National Centre for Radiation Research in Oncology (Author)
  • Jörg Kotzerke - , Department of Nuclear Medicine, University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus Dresden (Author)


PURPOSE: Revisions to German radiation protection laws have resulted in updated limit values, which could affect the unrestricted release of waste produced by nuclear medicine therapy. In addition, signs of long-lived concomitant nuclides in 153Sm and 223Ra radiopharmaceuticals have been seen in the past. Therefore, the goal of this article was to analyze the radionuclidic purity of selected radiopharmaceuticals.

METHOD: 48 samples from 12 different radiopharmaceuticals were examined. A high purity germanium semiconductor detector (HPGe detector) was used for the qualitative and quantitative evaluation of concomitant nuclides.

RESULTS: Various europium isotopes were identified in 90Y-citrate, 153Sm-Quadramet, 166Ho-QuiremSpheres, and 169Er-erbium citrate, with the greatest amount being found in 153Sm (7.0 ppm (152Eu), 8.4 ppm (154Eu), and 2.1 ppm (155Eu)). 169Yb was the most significant impurity in 169Er (513 ppm). In the case of 177Lu radiopharmaceuticals, there was a significant difference in the 177mLu content (0.8 ppm vs. 0.0024 ppm) between two different manufacturers. No concomitant nuclides could be found within the detection limits in the case of 90Y spheres, 223Ra, and 225Ac.

CONCLUSION: The limit values for unrestricted release are exceeded manyfold in the case of the identified concomitant nuclides. As a result, alternative release procedures (extension of the decay time, specific release, release in the individual case) or transfer to collection facilities must be considered. Technical methods for reducing or preventing impurities could also be a possible solution. Consequences for patient radiation exposure were able to be ruled out.

Translated title of the contribution
Evaluation of radionuclide impurities in several radiopharmaceuticals


Original languageGerman
Pages (from-to)339-346
Number of pages8
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2022

External IDs

Scopus 85135598349



  • Citrates, Humans, Radiation Protection, Radioisotopes, Radiopharmaceuticals/therapeutic use

Library keywords