Twelve-month prevalence, comorbidity and correlates of mental disorders in Germany: the Mental Health Module of the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Adults (DEGS1-MH)

Research output: Contribution to journalResearch articleContributedpeer-review



This paper provides up to date prevalence estimates of mental disorders in Germany derived from a national survey (German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Adults, Mental Health Module [DEGS1-MH]). A nationally representative sample (N = 5318) of the adult (18-79) population was examined by clinically trained interviewers with a modified version of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (DEGS-CIDI) to assess symptoms, syndromes and diagnoses according to DSM-IV-TR (25 diagnoses covered). Of the participants 27.7% met criteria for at least one mental disorder during the past 12 months, among them 44% with more than one disorder and 22% with three or more diagnoses. Most frequent were anxiety (15.3%), mood (9.3%) and substance use disorders (5.7%). Overall rates for mental disorders were substantially higher in women (33% versus 22% in men), younger age group (18-34: 37% versus 20% in age group 65-79), when living without a partner (37% versus 26% with partnership) or with low (38%) versus high socio-economic status (22%). High degree of urbanization (> 500,000 inhabitants versus < 20,000) was associated with elevated rates of psychotic (5.2% versus 2.5%) and mood disorders (13.9% versus 7.8%). The findings confirm that almost one third of the general population is affected by mental disorders and inform about subsets in the population who are particularly affected.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)304-19
Number of pages16
JournalInternational journal of methods in psychiatric research
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2014

External IDs

PubMedCentral PMC6878234
Scopus 84925354718
ORCID /0000-0001-7646-8265/work/142232656


Sustainable Development Goals


  • Adolescent, Adult, Age Distribution, Aged, Comorbidity, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Female, Germany/epidemiology, Health Surveys, Humans, Interview, Psychological, Male, Mental Disorders/diagnosis, Middle Aged, Prevalence, Sex Distribution, Substance-Related Disorders/diagnosis, Young Adult