Tunable Charge Transport and Spin Dynamics in Two-Dimensional Conjugated Metal-Organic Frameworks

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Two-dimensional conjugated metal-organic frameworks (2D c-MOFs) have attracted increasing interest in electronics due to their (semi)conducting properties. Charge-neutral 2D c-MOFs also possess persistent organic radicals that can be viewed as spin-concentrated arrays, affording new opportunities for spintronics. However, the strong π-interaction between neighboring layers of layer-stacked 2D c-MOFs annihilates active spin centers and significantly accelerates spin relaxation, severely limiting their potential as spin qubits. Herein, we report the precise tuning of the charge transport and spin dynamics in 2D c-MOFs via the control of interlayer stacking. The introduction of bulky side groups on the conjugated ligands enables a significant dislocation of the 2D c-MOFs layers from serrated stacking to staggered stacking, thereby spatially weakening the interlayer interactions. As a consequence, the electrical conductivity of 2D c-MOFs decreases by 6 orders of magnitude, while the spin density achieves more than a 30-fold increase and the spin-lattice relaxation time (T1) is increased up to ∼60 μs, hence being superior to the reference 2D c-MOFs with compact stackings whose spin relaxation is too fast to be detected. Spin dynamics results also reveal that spinless polaron pairs or bipolarons play critical roles in the charge transport of these 2D c-MOFs. Our strategy provides a bottom-up approach for enlarging spin dynamics in 2D c-MOFs, opening up pathways for developing MOF-based spintronics.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2574-2582
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jan 2024

External IDs

PubMed 38231138