Atrial fibrillation (AF) is our society's most common cardiac arrhythmic disease, leading to increased morbidity and mortality. Predicting AF episodes during sinus rhythm based on electrocardiograms (ECGs) allows timely interventions. It is known, that changes in selected ECG morphology features are a predictor for the onset of AF, but no systematic investigation of different ECG features' temporal changes has been performed so far. We split sinus rhythm episodes of 60 minutes preceding AF from the MIT-BIH AF database into segments of 5 minutes with 50% overlap (n=644) and calculated 155 features of different domains per segment. Logistic regression analyses between the segments preceding AF and others revealed the most significant effects for segments ending 5 minutes before AF onset, with PQ interval slope (p < 0.01), PQ interval correlation (p < 0.05), and median RR time (p < 0.05) being the most relevant features. A decision tree ensemble, trained with all features, achieved an accuracy of 0.87 when distinguishing 8 segment clusters. Our results confirm expected changes in ECG features (e.g., PQ interval) before AF episodes, indicating impaired atrial excitation, and show that the combination of interpretable features is sufficient to discriminate at different points in time before AF onset. For advanced analyses, more extensive databases should be included.
|Title of host publication||Computing in Cardiology Conference (CinC)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Publication status||Published - 31 Dec 2022|