The use and future perspective of Artificial Intelligence—A survey among German surgeons

Research output: Contribution to journalResearch articleContributedpeer-review



Purpose: Clinical abundance of artificial intelligence has increased significantly in the last decade. This survey aims to provide an overview of the current state of knowledge and acceptance of AI applications among surgeons in Germany.
Methods: A total of 357 surgeons from German university hospitals, academic teaching hospitals and private practices were contacted by e-mail and asked to participate in the anonymous survey.
Results: A total of 147 physicians completed the survey. The majority of respondents (n= 85, 52.8%) stated that they were familiar with AI applications in medicine. Personal knowledge was self-rated as average (n= 67, 41.6%) or rudimentary (n= 60, 37.3%) by the majority of participants. On the basis of various application scenarios, it became apparent that the respondents have different demands on AI applications in the area of “diagnosis confirmation” as compared to the area of “therapy decision.” For the latter category, the requirements in terms of the error level are significantly higher and more respondents view their application in medical practice rather critically. Accordingly, most of the participants hope that AI systems will primarily improve diagnosis confirmation, while they see their ethical and legal problems with regard to liability as the main obstacle to extensive clinical application.Conclusion: German surgeons are in principle positively disposed toward AI applications. However, many surgeons see a deficit in their own knowledge and in the implementation of AI applications in their own professional environment. Accordingly, medical education programs targeting both medical students and healthcare professionals should convey basic knowledge about the development and clinical implementation process of AI applications in different medical fields, including surgery.


Original languageUndefined
JournalFrontiers in Public Health
Publication statusPublished - 5 Oct 2022

External IDs

Scopus 85140246851
ORCID /0000-0003-2265-4809/work/149798328