The Numerical Analysis of Textile Reinforced Concrete Shells: Basic Principles

Research output: Contribution to journalResearch articleContributedpeer-review


In the case of solid slabs made from reinforced concrete that are usually subjected to bending, large areas of the structure are stressed well below their load-bearing capacity or remain stress-free. Contrary to this are shell structures, which can bridge large spans with little material if designed well. To improve the efficiency of ceiling slabs, we want to utilize the shell load-bearing behaviour on a smaller scale by dissolving the solid interior accordingly. In order to be able to study a wide range of such constructions virtually, a parametric multi-objective simulation environment is to be developed in an ongoing research project, the basic analysis approaches of which are presented in this paper. In addition to the basic workflow and the programs used, the material models for TRC material compared and their calibration are described on the basis of tests on textile reinforced concrete (TRC) samples. Various material models were implemented within the commercially available software RFEM (Version 5.19). Laboratory tests on two different geometry solutions of TRC structures served to verify the models. The structures were selected in a way that differentiates between the bending and membrane actions to indicate the application fields for various approaches in the numerical modelling of TRC structures.


Original languageEnglish
Article number2140
Number of pages21
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 4 Mar 2024

External IDs

ORCID /0000-0002-8976-6680/work/155290522
ORCID /0000-0002-1596-7164/work/155292485



  • Textile reinforced concrete, TRC, shell, material characteristics, material model, Numerical investigation