The Maintenance Location Choice Problem for railway rolling stock

Research output: Contribution to journalResearch articleContributedpeer-review


  • Jordi Zomer - , Delft University of Technology (Author)
  • Nikola Bešinović - , Delft University of Technology (Author)
  • Mathijs M. de Weerdt - , Delft University of Technology (Author)
  • Rob M.P. Goverde - , Delft University of Technology (Author)


Due to increasing railway use, the capacity at railway yards and maintenance locations is becoming limiting to accommodate existing rolling stock. To reduce capacity issues at maintenance locations during nighttime, railway undertakings consider performing more daytime maintenance, but the choice at which locations personnel needs to be stationed for daytime maintenance is not straightforward. Among other things, it depends on the planned rolling stock circulation and the maintenance activities that need to be performed. This paper presents the Maintenance Location Choice Problem (MLCP) and provides a Mixed Integer Linear Programming model for this problem. The model demonstrates that for a representative rolling stock circulation from The Netherlands Railways a substantial amount of maintenance activities can be performed during daytime. Also, it is shown that the location choice delivered by the model is robust under various time horizons and rolling stock circulations. Moreover, the running time for optimizing the model is considered acceptable for planning purposes.


Original languageEnglish
Article number100268
JournalJournal of Rail Transport Planning and Management
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021
Externally publishedYes

External IDs

ORCID /0000-0003-4111-2255/work/142246316



  • Location choice, Maintenance, Optimization, Railway planning, Rolling stock