Low back pain is often due to degeneration of the intervertebral discs (IVD). It is one of the most common age- and work-related problems in today's society. Current treatments are not able to efficiently restore the full function of the IVD. Therefore, the aim of the present work was to reconstruct the two parts of the intervertebral disc-the annulus fibrosus (AF) and the nucleus pulposus (NP)-in such a way that the natural structural features were mimicked by a textile design. Silk was selected as the biomaterial for realization of a textile IVD because of its cytocompatibility, biodegradability, high strength, stiffness, and toughness, both in tension and compression. Therefore, an embroidered structure made of silk yarn was developed that reproduces the alternating fiber structure of +30° and -30° fiber orientation found in the AF and mimics its lamellar structure. The developed embroidered ribbons showed a tensile strength that corresponded to that of the natural AF. Fiber additive manufacturing with 1 mm silk staple fibers was used to replicate the fiber network of the NP and generate an open porous textile 3D structure that may serve as a reinforcement structure for the gel-like NP.
|Publication status||Published - 12 Apr 2023|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- annulus fibrosus, embroidery, fiber-based additive manufacturing, intervertebral disc, nucleus pulposus, silk, Annulus fibrosus, Embroidery, Silk, Fiber-based additive manufacturing, Intervertebral disc, Nucleus pulposus