Synchronization in cilia carpets and the Kuramoto model with local coupling: Breakup of global synchronization in the presence of noise

Research output: Contribution to journalResearch articleContributedpeer-review


Carpets of beating cilia represent a paradigmatic example of self-organized synchronization of noisy biological oscillators, characterized by traveling waves of cilia phase. We present a multi-scale model of a cilia carpet that comprises realistic hydrodynamic interactions between cilia computed for a chiral cilia beat pattern from unicellular Paramecium and active noise of the cilia beat. We demonstrate an abrupt loss of global synchronization beyond a characteristic noise strength. We characterize stochastic transitions between synchronized and disordered dynamics, which generalize the notion of phase slips in pairs of coupled noisy phase oscillators. Our theoretical work establishes a link between the two-dimensional Kuramoto model of phase oscillators with mirror-symmetric oscillator coupling and detailed models of biological oscillators with asymmetric, chiral interactions.


Original languageEnglish
Article number013124
Pages (from-to)013124
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 19 Jan 2022

External IDs

Scopus 85123632212
Mendeley 8ac7bd78-0a52-3d4e-90ec-9f003f61a22e
WOS 000747695700001


Research priority areas of TU Dresden