Results and Quality of Life after Implantation of Active Middle Ear Implants

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleContributedpeer-review



The provision of implantable hearing aids represents an area with high development and innovation potential. On the one hand, this review article provides an overview of current indication criteria for the treatment with active middle ear implants. On the other hand, outcome parameters as well as functional results after implantation of active middle ear implants are demonstrated and discussed. The focus is mainly placed on audiological results as well as the subjective health status. "Patient Reported Outcome Measures" (PROMs) have become an integral part of the evaluation of hearing implant treatment. Due to low evidence level criteria, the study situation regarding audiological as well as subjective outcome parameters is not satisfactory. The lack of an international consensus on accepted outcome parameters makes a meta-analytical analysis of results immensely difficult. In the studies published to date, patients with sensorineural hearing loss and patients with conductive or mixed hearing loss offered better speech recognition after implantation of an active middle ear implant compared to conventional hearing aids. Current analyses show a significant improvement in general as well as hearing-specific quality of life after implantation of an active middle ear implant. To date, no validated, hearing-specific quality-of-life measurement instruments exist for assessing the success of fitting in children. Especially in children with complex malformations of the outer ear and the middle ear, excellent audiological results were shown. However, these results need to be substantiated by quality-of-life measurements in future.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S3-S35
JournalLaryngo- Rhino- Otologie
Issue numberS 01
Publication statusPublished - May 2022

External IDs

Scopus 85130419575


Sustainable Development Goals


  • Child, Deafness, Ear, Middle/surgery, Hearing Aids, Hearing Loss, Sensorineural, Humans, Ossicular Prosthesis, Quality of Life, Speech Perception, Treatment Outcome