QuEChERS as alternative extraction procedure in doping analyses

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QuEChERS is a dispersive solid phase extraction commonly applied in food analysis for residues, such as pesticides or mycotoxins for more than 20 years. Due to the quick and easy sample preparation procedure, a QuEChERS method based on ammonium acetate combined with formic acid in acetonitrile was tested for the preparation of urine samples for doping control purposes. Testing urine samples with different pH and specific gravity, using the combination of 10 M ammonium acetate with 3% formic acid in acetonitrile, 312 out of 342 tested compounds could be extracted at their respective minimum required performance levels according to the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) technical documents. For nine selected analytes representing six categories of WADA's Prohibited List, we validated the QuEChERS extraction method fulfilling WADA's requirements for a confirmation procedure of the nonthreshold substances investigated. Especially for the intact stanozolol-glucuronides analyzed by high-resolution mass spectrometry, the described extraction method might be an alternative for confirmation procedures as it is time- and cost-saving compared with the commonly applied solid phase extraction.


Original languageEnglish
Number of pages6
JournalDrug testing and analysis
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 3 Dec 2023

External IDs

ORCID /0000-0002-2157-4711/work/148145953
unpaywall 10.1002/dta.3610
Scopus 85178487394


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