Photovoltaic Warm Facądes with Phase Change Materials in European Climates

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articleContributedpeer-review


Since facąde-integrated photovoltaic (PV) modules heat up greatly, which reduces the efficiency of the PV, facąde panels with PV and phase change materials (PCM) were developed. PCMs absorb a significant amount of thermal energy during the phase transition from solid to liquid, while maintaining a specific melting temperature. This cools down the PV and increases the electrical yield. Numerical studies on PV-PCM warm facądes without rear-ventilation have so far been missing. Therefore, a thermal and an electrical simulation model for PV PCM warm facądes were developed and validated. They were then used to analyse the yield increase of two PCM-types and-quantities in PV warm facądes facing east, south, and west in Athens, Potsdam, and Helsinki. An annual yield increase of 1.2% to 8.5% for monocrystalline PV modules was determined. The maximum monthly yield increase is 8.0% in Helsinki, 11.4% in Potsdam, and 11.3% in Athens. The study shows that a case-specific selection of the appropriate type and quantity of PCM is necessary. Using the models, a design tool for PV-PCM warm facądes will be developed. It will be validated with real monitoring data from PV-PCM facąde test rigs at the Technische Universität Dresden and the National Technical University of Athens.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)87-100
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Facade Design and Engineering
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 6 Apr 2021


TitlePowerSKIN Conference 2021
SubtitleSimplicity vs. Performance
Duration9 April 2021
Degree of recognitionInternational event

External IDs

Scopus 85104912070
ORCID /0000-0001-6924-313X/work/156811567
ORCID /0000-0001-5841-0537/work/156812543


Research priority areas of TU Dresden

Subject groups, research areas, subject areas according to Destatis


  • Building-integrated photovoltaics, Efficiency increase, Phase change materials, Thermal simulation, Yield simulation