Recent technology advances in wind energy conversion systems include a new type of permanent magnet synchronous generator with a segmented stator that allows lightweight concepts with high efficiency and superior controllability. Each stator segment is driven by a separate power converter. The various cascaded power converters can be connected in series and in parallel, which ultimately leads to the superposition of a DC and an AC voltage stress in the insulation of the stator coils. The resulting DC-AC mixed voltage is an entirely new electrical stress for the epoxy-mica insulation system that is typically utilized as main insulation of rotating electrical machines. In order to resemble this stress, typical dielectric tests such as partial discharge (PD) measurements and long-term aging of model insulation systems have to be be carried out under DC-AC mixed voltage stress. The mentioned investigations are presented in this contribution. The results indicate that the AC voltage is dominant with regard to the PD inception and influences the PD parameters such as the apparent charge and the repetition rate substantially when compared to the DC voltage proportion. The accelerated aging tests with significantly higher AC-DC mixed voltage stress than is expectable under operating conditions revealed no measurable PD deterioration of the investigated insulation systems.
|Proceedings of the Nordic Insulation Symposium (Nord-IS)
|Published - 5 Jul 2022