The rapid development of on-surface synthesis provides a unique approach toward the formation of carbon-based nanostructures with designed properties. Herein, we present the on-surface formation of CN-substituted phenylene vinylene chains on the Au(111) surface, thermally induced by annealing the substrate stepwise at temperatures between 220 °C and 240 °C. The reaction is investigated by scanning tunneling microscopy and density functional theory. Supported by the calculated reaction pathway, we assign the observed chain formation to a Knoevenagel condensation between an aldehyde and a methylene nitrile substituent.
|Chemistry – A European Journal
|Published - 9 Dec 2021