Necessity Entrepreneurship: An Integrative Review and Research Agenda

Research output: Contribution to journalResearch articleContributedpeer-review



Research on necessity entrepreneurship has increased in the last decade, with studies investigating the phenomenon in different contexts and applying numerous theories. Such diverse research activity has affected the use of the term necessity entrepreneurship and its applicability and, in turn, limited the overall understanding of the concept. Moreover, because little effort has been made to synthesize the body of literature on necessity entrepreneurship, no organized framework exists that allows researchers to theorize and contextualize the complexity of the concept. To fill that gap, we conducted an integrative, systematic literature review of 252 articles published on the topic between 1986 and 2022. In inductive qualitative analysis, we identified applied theories, antecedents, and manifestations exhibited in the field, along with outcomes and critical voices in the literature. We aggregated our findings into a framework and here provide a comprehensive, organized overview of the literature on necessity entrepreneurship. In doing so, we contribute to a multilevel perspective on necessity entrepreneurship and indicate numerous paths for future research.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)762-787
Number of pages26
JournalEntrepreneurship and regional development : an international journal
Issue number9-10
Publication statusPublished - 2 Sept 2023

External IDs

ORCID /0000-0001-9746-7990/work/142245944
Scopus 85169303357
WOS 001059458500001
Mendeley f6404ce2-2ee5-344b-b9c6-78d19cd1ec78


Research priority areas of TU Dresden


  • Gem, Necessity entrepreneurship, Opportunity entrepreneurship, Pull entrepreneurship, Push entrepreneurship, Systematic literature review

Library keywords