Microtubules gliding on motor-functionalized surfaces have been explored for various nanotechnological applications. However, when moving over large distances (several millimeters) and long times (tens of minutes), microtubules are lost due to surface detachment. Here, we demonstrate the multiplication of kinesin-1-driven microtubules that comprises two concurrent processes: (i) severing of microtubules by the enzyme spastin and (ii) elongation of microtubules by self-assembly of tubulin dimers at the microtubule ends. We managed to balance the individual processes such that the average length of the microtubules stayed roughly constant over time while their number increased. Moreover, we show microtubule multiplication in physical networks with topographical channel structures. Our method is expected to broaden the toolbox for microtubule-based in vitro applications by counteracting the microtubule loss from substrate surfaces. Among others, this will enable upscaling of network-based biocomputation, where it is vital to increase the number of microtubules during operation.
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - 20 Jan 2022|
Research priority areas of TU Dresden
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ASJC Scopus subject areas
- biocomputation, kinesin, microtubule severing, molecular motor-based transport, multiplication, spastin, Kinesins/metabolism, Tubulin/metabolism, Spastin/metabolism, Nanotechnology, Microtubules/metabolism