Micro-Scale Model of rCF/PA6 Spun Yarn Composite

Research output: Contribution to journalResearch articleContributedpeer-review


Recycling carbon fibers (rCF) for reuse is one approach to improve the sustainability of CFRP. However, until now, recycled carbon fiber plastics (rCFRP) had limited composite properties due to the microgeometry of the fibers, which made it difficult to use in load-bearing components. The production of hybrid yarns from rCF and PA6 fibers allows the fibers to be aligned. The geometric properties of the yarn and the individual fibers influence the mechanical properties of the composite. An approach for the modeling and simulation of hybrid yarns consisting of recycled carbon fibers and thermoplastic fibers is presented. The yarn unit cell geometry is modeled in the form of a stochastic fiber network. The fiber trajectory is modeled in form of helical curves using the idealized yarn model of Hearle et al. The variability in the fiber geometry (e.g., length) is included in form of statistical distributions. An additional compaction step ensures a realistic composite geometry. The created model is validated geometrically and by comparison with tensile tests of manufactured composites. With the validated model, multiple parameter studies investigating the influence of fiber and yarn geometry are carried out.


Original languageEnglish
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Composites Science
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2023

External IDs

Scopus 85148717233
ORCID /0000-0003-0421-4199/work/142244810
Mendeley f15d3541-b11a-3508-93c9-0b6253c084ba


Research priority areas of TU Dresden

DFG Classification of Subject Areas according to Review Boards


  • recycelte Carbonfasern, Finite Element Methode, Mikroskalen Modell, finite element model, micro-scale model, recycled carbon fibers