Purpose: In certain cases, traction–separation laws do not reflect the behaviour sufficiently so that thin volumetric elements, Internal Thickness Extrapolation formulations, bulk material projections or various other approaches are applied. All of them have disadvantages in the formulation or practical application. Design/methodology/approach: Damage within thin layers is often modelled using at cohesive zone elements (CZE). The constitutive behaviour of cohesive zone elements is usually described by traction–seperation laws (TSLs) that consider the (traction separation) relation in normal opening and tangential shearing direction. Here, the deformation (separation) as well as the reaction (traction) are vectorial quantities. Findings: In this contribution, a CZE is presented that includes damage from membrane modes. Originality/value: Membrane mode-related damaging effects that can be seen in physical tests that could not be simulated with standard CZEs are well captured by membrane mode–enhanced cohesive zone elements.
|Number of pages||22|
|Early online date||3 Aug 2021|
|Publication status||Published - 8 Feb 2022|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cohesive Zone Element, Continuum Damage Mechanics, Internal Thickness Extrapolation (InTEx), Joining Zone, Membrane Mode Enhanced Cohesive Zone Element, Tailored Forming