Transitioning toward a decreased reliance on conventional energy sources subjects electricity markets to greater uncertainties due to the weather dependency of renewable energy sources. Wind energy in Germany has experienced a tremendous expansion, especially over the past two decades. This analysis quantifies how updates in predicted wind energy affect intraday electricity prices. It outlines the merit-order theory and derives hypotheses, testing them by means of exploratory and regression analyses. Wind-speed-based wind energy forecasts are computed to obtain forecasts at two points in time, both before the time of delivery. These two forecasts allow us to measure the effect of the short-term updates between them. The analysis finds that wind energy updates negatively affect intraday prices. The magnitude of the effect differs depending on the position within the merit order approximated by the level of residual load. It is largest for high residual loads and can be explained by the merit-order curve’s steeper shape. In situations of low residual load, the price effect and uncertainty are augmented because of negative prices and larger average forecast errors for wind energy. These results imply that varying predicted residual loads necessitate different risk assessments, for which merit-order-based models can help to anticipate and account for the magnitude of price uncertainties due to (updates for) wind energy forecasts.
|Number of pages||28|
|Journal||Journal of Energy Markets|
|Publication status||Published - 2 Nov 2022|