Load-bearing behavior and efficiency of layered two-way slabs

Research output: Contribution to book/conference proceedings/anthology/reportConference contributionContributedpeer-review


The C3 Project (Carbon Concrete Composite) is the largest research project in the German construction industry. It is currently underway researching carbon reinforced concrete construction with an interdisciplinary consortium of more than 160 partners. The “CUBE” building, represented in Figure 1, exemplifies the results of this project, and it is assumed to be the world’s first building, constructed entirely of carbon reinforced concrete, which will be completed in 2021. The main purpose of the building that has a gross floor area of about 200 m2 is to show that the C3 construction method has progressed so far that the entire process chain can be integrated, including the design, planning, tendering, construction and operation. Additionally, the building provides a testing facility site where innovative components of multiple future research projects can be implemented and tested under realistic conditions.

To develop the lightweight roof shell of the CUBE, that is designed as symmetric twisted ruled surface, a software solutions Rhinoceros 3D + Grasshopper 3D was used as the main algorithmic environment. The current paper presents methods and specially developed tools that were used to model and compare multiple structural solutions of the load-bearing shell. The paper additionally describes an overview over the important aspects that are of particular interest within the CUBE project, such as design workflows and manufacturing strategies of the appropriate shape of the formwork, insulation and biaxially loaded carbon grid reinforcing mats, which is one of the key focus of C3 Project.


Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInterfaces: architecture.engineering.science - Proceedings of the IASS Annual Symposium
EditorsAnnett Bögle, Manfred Grohmann
Place of PublicationHamburg
PublisherHafenCity University Hamburg & Inernational Association of Shell & Spatial Structures (IASS)
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 2017


TitleIASS 2017 Hamburg Symposium
SubtitleConcrete Light: Innovative Concrete Constructions
Abbreviated titleIASS 2017
Duration25 - 28 September 2017

External IDs

ORCID /0000-0003-4807-8387/work/142242739
ORCID /0000-0002-1596-7164/work/142255690



  • carbon reinforced concrete (CRC), textile reinforced concrete (TRC), shell, Rhinoceros, Grasshopper, parametric design, building, 3D model, two-way, flat slab, ightweight, sandwich, composite, foam concrete, interface failure, shear