Kinematically coupled force compensation—experimental results and advanced design for the 1D-implementation

Research output: Contribution to journalResearch articleContributedpeer-review


Typically, the feed dynamics of machine tools are limited to reduce excitations of machine structure oscillations. Consequently, the potential increase in productivity provided by electrical direct drives cannot be exploited. The novel approach of the Kinematically Coupled Force Compensation (KCFC) combines the principles of redundant axes and force compensation to achieve an increase in the machine’s feed dynamics. Because the drive reaction forces are directly applied to the machine frame, they cancel out each other perfectly if the relative motion at the Tool Centre Point (TCP) is split according to the mass ratio of the slides. In this paper, the principle of KCFC is introduced briefly and possible improvements in the design of machine structures and control are presented. The results of experimental investigations obtained by means of a 1D-KCFC Test Bed illustrate the effectiveness of the principle. Moreover, a further increase of the compensation quality can be achieved by decoupling the force flow from the machine frame, by means of elastic elements. Finally, an outlook on future research with reference to the 1D-implementation as well as possible applications of the KCFC in highly productive processes is given.


Original languageEnglish
Article number24
JournalJournal of manufacturing and materials processing
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2019

External IDs

ORCID /0009-0001-8626-1310/work/142232187
ORCID /0009-0001-1168-3666/work/150884418



  • Compensation, Control, Feed drive, Linear motor, Redundant axis