Investigation of Photodynamic Therapy Promoted by Cherenkov Light Activated Photosensitizers—New Aspects and Revelations

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This work investigates the proposed enhanced efficacy of photodynamic therapy (PDT) by activating photosensitizers (PSs) with Cherenkov light (CL). The approaches of Yoon et al. to test the effect of CL with external radiation were taken up and refined. The results were used to transfer the applied scheme from external radiation therapy to radionuclide therapy in nuclear medicine. Here, the CL for the activation of the PSs (psoralen and trioxsalen) is generated by the ionizing radiation from rhenium-188 (a high-energy beta-emitter, Re-188). In vitro cell survival studies were performed on FaDu, B16 and 4T1 cells. A characterization of the PSs (absorbance measurement and gel electrophoresis) and the CL produced by Re-188 (luminescence measurement) was performed as well as a comparison of clonogenic assays with and without PSs. The methods of Yoon et al. were reproduced with a beam line at our facility to validate their results. In our studies with different concentrations of PS and considering the negative controls without PS, the statements of Yoon et al. regarding the positive effect of CL could not be confirmed. There are slight differences in survival fractions, but they are not significant when considering the differences in the controls. Gel electrophoresis showed a dominance of trioxsalen over psoralen in conclusion of single and double strand breaks in plasmid DNA, suggesting a superiority of trioxsalen as a PS (when irradiated with UVA). In addition, absorption measurements showed that these PSs do not need to be shielded from ambient light during the experiment. An observational test setup for a PDT nuclear medicine approach was found. The CL spectrum of Re-188 was measured. Fluctuating inconclusive results from clonogenic assays were found.


Original languageEnglish
Article number534
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 13 Apr 2024

External IDs

ORCID /0009-0003-6004-8639/work/157768532
unpaywall 10.3390/pharmaceutics16040534
PubMed 38675195
Mendeley e3a93f52-4b40-3ad2-a50f-9bd25d0aba65
Scopus 85191483392