Inulin Clearance During Ex vivo Normothermic Machine Perfusion as a Marker of Renal Function

Research output: Contribution to journalResearch articleContributedpeer-review



Normothermic machine perfusion (NMP) offers a unique opportunity to objectively assess donor organ quality. This study describes the evaluation of inulin clearance as a potential marker for the ex vivo function of porcine kidneys during NMP. The function assessment was performed in both kidneys from slaughterhouse pigs (n = 20) and kidneys from pigs in a laboratory setting (n = 28). The kidneys were exposed to different warm ischemia times (WIT). After a period of static cold storage, the kidneys underwent a 4-hour NMP with autologous whole blood. Inulin clearance, hemodynamic parameters, and urine output were measured. Based on the inulin excretion behavior laboratory pig kidneys were assigned to three classes (functional, limited functional, and nonfunctional), slaughterhouse pig kidneys to two classes (limited functional and nonfunctional), respectively. Contrary to the marginal kidneys of the slaughterhouse pigs, the functional variation of kidneys of the laboratory pigs was associated with the WIT. A correlation between functional kidneys and a WIT less than 25 min was shown. Because none of the slaughterhouse pig kidneys could be assigned to the functional class, only the laboratory pig kidneys were used for examinations with functional markers. Renal blood flow and urine output during NMP correlated significantly (p < 0.01) with ex vivo kidney function. This study demonstrated that inulin is a marker of high quality for the evaluation of suggested kidney function after NMP with whole blood. Furthermore, surrogate markers measured during NMP can be used to describe and predict the physiologic behavior of kidneys before transplantation.


Original languageEnglish
JournalASAIO journal (American Society for Artificial Internal Organs)
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 22 Dec 2021

External IDs

Scopus 85137746133