Interfacial Designs of MXenes for Mild Aqueous Zinc-Ion Storage

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleContributedpeer-review


  • Rui Guo - , Delft University of Technology, Shaanxi Normal University (Author)
  • Chaofan Chen - , Delft University of Technology (Author)
  • Lars J. Bannenberg - , Delft University of Technology (Author)
  • Hao Wang - , Delft University of Technology, Donghua University (Author)
  • Haozhe Liu - , Delft University of Technology (Author)
  • Minghao Yu - , Chair of Molecular Functional Materials (Faculty of Chemistry and Food Chemistry), Chair of Molecular Functional Materials (cfaed) (Author)
  • Zdenek Sofer - , University of Chemistry and Technology, Prague (Author)
  • Zhibin Lei - , Shaanxi Normal University (Author)
  • Xuehang Wang - , Delft University of Technology (Author)


Limited Li resources, high cost, and safety risks of using organic electrolytes have stimulated a strong motivation to develop non-Li aqueous batteries. Aqueous Zn-ion storage (ZIS) devices offer low-cost and high-safety solutions. However, their practical applications are at the moment restricted by their short cycle life arising mainly from irreversible electrochemical side reactions and processes at the interfaces. This review sums up the capability of using 2D MXenes to increase the reversibility at the interface, assist the charge transfer process, and thereby improve the performance of ZIS. First, they discuss the ZIS mechanism and irreversibility of typical electrode materials in mild aqueous electrolytes. Then, applications of MXenes in different ZIS components are highlighted, including as electrodes for Zn2+ intercalation, protective layers of Zn anode, hosts for Zn deposition, substrates, and separators. Finally, perspectives are put forward on further optimizing MXenes to improve the ZIS performance.


Original languageEnglish
Article number2201683
Number of pages20
JournalSmall methods
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 18 Mar 2023

External IDs

WOS 000952245500001


Research priority areas of TU Dresden


  • 2D MXenes, interfacial design, mild aqueous electrolyte, Zn-ion batteries, Zn-ion capacitors, Interfacial design, Mild aqueous electrolyte