Influence of water saturation on the compressive strength of concrete under high strain rates

Research output: Contribution to journalResearch articleContributedpeer-review


In this study, the influence of different water saturation achieved by different storage conditions on the static and dynamic compressive strength of three different concretes were investigated. The specimens were first dried then water-saturated and tested both under static and impact loading. The impact tests were carried out in a split Hopkinson bar. Depending on the concrete strength class, increases in the compressive strength of 200 % to 300 % at strain rates in the range of 90 to 160 1/s were observed. Compared to storage under ambient conditions, the compressive strength decreases as a result of drying due to microcrack formation. Furthermore, the concretes compressive strengths of water-saturated specimens decrease compared to dry specimens. This decrease was observed under both static and impact loading and is independent of the strain rate. The failure of the dry specimens was more explosive with an increased number of cracks compared to water-saturated specimens.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-45
Number of pages7
Journal Civil engineering design
Issue number3-4
Early online date25 Apr 2023
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2023

External IDs

unpaywall 10.1002/cend.202200015
ORCID /0000-0001-6666-5388/work/142248521
ORCID /0000-0002-1596-7164/work/142255666
Mendeley 2b7f69e8-b513-3a19-8128-f9e5b91725f7


Library keywords