The requirements for embossing of cardboard for print and packaging applications are constantly increasing. High degrees of forming, richness of detail, and high shape accuracy are desired. However, current embossing technology can only fulfil these requirements to a limited extent. A loss of detail and moderate degrees of forming are typical defects in the embossing process. In previous research work, a positive effect on the forming behavior of cardboard could be observed by the application of ultrasound. Therefore, the influence of ultrasound was also investigated for embossing. In order to quantify the effects of ultrasound, conventional and ultrasonic-assisted embossing results were compared. New approaches for analysis and evaluation of embossing results and new characteristic values for describing the forming were applied for the comparison. Two exemplary embossing geometries and a range of ultrasonic parameters were used to characterize the impact of ultrasound and showed positive effects to the forming results.
|Number of pages||17|
|Publication status||Published - 22 Aug 2022|