Improved photocurrent by using n-doped 2,3,8,9,14,15-hexachloro-5,6,11,12, 17,18-hexaazatrinaphthylene as optical spacer layer in p-i-n type organic solar cells

Research output: Contribution to journalResearch articleContributedpeer-review



We introduce 2,3,8,9,14,15-hexachloro-5,6,11,12,17,18-hexaazatrinaphthylene (HATNA- Cl 6) as n-dopable electron transport material (ETM) for small molecule organic solar cells. Because of its large optical energy gap of 2.7 eV and its well suited energy level positions, the material can be implemented as a semitransparent spacer layer between the reflecting metal contact and the photoactive C 60 acceptor layer in p-i-n type solar cells. By varying the ETM thickness, it is possible to shift the position of the photoactive area with respect to the interference maximum of the optical field distribution. Applying n-HATNA- Cl 6 instead of the parasitically absorbing reference ETM n- C 60 results in a considerably improved photocurrent density and accordingly in a higher efficiency. At d ETM = 100 nm the power conversion efficiency is more than doubled as it increases from (100 nm n- C 60) 0.5 to (100 nm n-HATNA- Cl 6) 1.1. © 2011 American Institute of Physics.


Original languageEnglish
Article number124509
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of applied physics
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2011

External IDs

WOS 000298639800127
Scopus 84855303472