Introduction Bone marrow stromal cells (BMSC) are highly attractive for tissue engineering due to their ability to differentiate into different cell types, to expand extensively in vitro and to release paracrine soluble factors with a high regenerative potential. They were observed to migrate towards the sites of injury in response to chemotactic signals in vivo. During the last years hypoxia has become a proven method to control proliferation, differentiation and multipotency of BMSC. Conditioned medium from hypoxia-treated BMSC (Hypoxia-conditioned Medium; HCM) has been shown to have various favorable properties on tissue regeneration – such as on cell recruitment, wound healing, angiogenesis and revascularization. Due to this regenerative potential many studies attempt to further characterize HCM and its main functional components. In this study we used HCM generated from umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UC-MSC) instead of BMSC, because GMP-verified methods were used to isolate and cultivate the cells and ensure their constant quality. UC-MSC have a high regenerative potential and are still immunologically naive and therefore highly unlikely to cause an immune reaction. In our article we took the first steps to closer investigate the role of umbilical cord MSC-derived HCM components, namely stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF-1α), interleukin 11 (IL-11) and soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (sVCAM-1). Results Our results show previously unknown roles of IL-11 and sVCAM-1 in the attraction of BMSC. The synergistic effect of the investigated protein mixture consisting of IL-11, sVCAM-1 and SDF-1α as well as those recombinant proteins alone revealed a significantly higher chemoattractive capacity towards human BMSC compared to normoxic control medium. Both, the protein mixtures and proteins alone as well as UC-HCM showed an angiogenic effect by promoting the formation of significantly longer tubule structures and higher amounts of junctions and tubules compared to normoxic control medium. Conclusions By showing the prominent upregulation of IL-11, sVCAM-1 and SDF-1α under hypoxic conditions compared to normoxic control and revealing their crucial role in migration of human BMSC we took a further step forward in characterization of the chemoattractive components of HCM.
|Journal||Stem cell research|
|Publication status||Published - May 2020|
- Mesenchymal stromal cells, Hypoxia, Migration, IL-11, Svcam-1, SDF1-α, Mesenchymal stromal cells, Hypoxia, Migration, IL-11, Svcam-1, SDF1-α