Identifying Links between Economic Opportunities and Climate Change Adaptation: Empirical Evidence of 63 Cities

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This paper empirically explores the linkage between the economic opportunities and climate adaptation and other antecedents in cities. Our dependent variable includes the economic opportunities identified by the cities; our independent variables are the adaptation plans, adaptation actions, climate change risks, incentive types, and incentivized stakeholders. To explore the effects of climate change risks, adaptation plans, adaptation actions, incentive types, and incentivized stakeholders, we used polychoric factor analysis and logistic regression analysis. The results show that a city's climate change adaptation plan and GDP have significant positive relationships with the economic opportunities present in the cities. Meanwhile, climate change risks also have a positive relationship with economic opportunities. Furthermore, economic opportunities present in cities have a negative relationship with three variables: one group of climate actions and two groups of stakeholders. This paper also further discusses the possible effects of incentives in the case of climate change in cities.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)231-243
Number of pages13
JournalEcological economics
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2018


Sustainable Development Goals


  • Adaptation, Cities, Climate change, Economic opportunities, Factor analysis, Incentives, Logistic regression

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